Scopes TrialTuesday, February 14, 2012
This summer, we visited Dayton, Tennessee as part of a larger trip -- at first, I didn't remember what Dayton is famous for, but there are several signs around town, and one of the main attractions is the Rhea County Courthouse, as this is where the Scopes Trial took place in the summer of 1925:
The Tennessee statute -- the Butler Act -- made it "unlawful for any teacher in...the State...to teach any theory that denies the story of the divine creation of man as taught in the Bible...". So when John Scopes was put on trial for teaching evolution in his science class, the ACLU offered to come up with some money to help his defense. And one of the (non-ACLU, I think) defense lawyers was Clarence Darrow.
The other side included William Jennings Bryan, who had previously been nominated for president, and was famous for his 'Crown of Thorns...Cross of Gold' speech which he delivered at the 1896 Democratic National Convention). He was remembered for this speech, and recited portions of it again in 1921 for a recording company; you can listen to it here). There's a sculpture of Bryan on the courthouse lawn:
Scopes was found guilty and fined $100 (the conviction was set aside on appeal due to a technicality).
The following images are from the Smithsonian, and are under no copyright restrictions:
The seven scientists asked to testify for the defense
William Jennings Bryan (seated, left) being interrogated by Clarence Darrow. Court was being held outside since it was so hot in the courthouse